Examinations of Conscience (2022)

This page provides a variety of traditional and contemporary formats for individuals or groups engaging in an "Examination of Conscience." Use the format which you find most helpful in examining your attitudes and behavior according to the moral, ethical and social principles and ideals of the Judeo-Christian tradition and Catholic teaching. Keep in mind these four fundamental principles of Catholic moral teaching:
• the value of human life and dignity of the human person;
• the priority of the common good;
• the fundamental option for the poor and vulnerable;
• the moral equivalence of ends and means (ie, good ends do not justify illicit means).

Individuals who engage in behavior which is mortally dangerous to their relationship with God and others or to themselves are generally aware of that behavior. In the absence of attitudes or behavior which are in themselves mortally harmful, Catholics should recognize and may wish to confess:
a) attitudes or behavior which are relatively more harmful than others;
b) attitudes or behavior which occur most frequently, and thus over time may have
seriously harmful affects; or
c) attitudes or behavior which, at the present time, the individual has the most ability and desire
to change.

When examining their attitude or behavior according to the various criteria suggested in any Examination of Conscience, some individuals find it helpful to use a scale of 1 to 5 (where 1 indicates "this is not a serious problem for me" and 5 indicates "this is a serious problem for me"); this process helps an individual assess what might be most important or urgent in terms of their moral or ethical life.
As a general rule, the purpose of an Examination of Conscience is to evaluate how well an individual or group is growing in their awareness, acceptance and imitation of God's love and mercy. Here, the emphasis is on growth, not failure -- on how good God is, not on how bad we are.


Traditional Examination Based on the Ten Commandments

Is God the center of my life? Do I believe that God loves me and forgives me, no matter what I have done? Are there any "false gods" in my life (like money, work, pleasure, success, power, superstition)?
Do I speak God's name with reverence and respect? Do I pray frequently? Do I take time to reflect on God's presence and God's direction in my life?
Do I live as a person of faith? Am I growing in my understanding of Jesus' message and the beliefs of the Christian community? Do I participate as fully as I can in the spiritual and sacramental life of the Church, particularly in Sunday Mass? Do I respond to sorrows and disappointments through the eyes of faith and hope?
Am I faithful to my conscience? Do I inform my conscience according to the teachings of the Church?
Am I understanding, compassionate and respectful to other people? Do I respect other persons or groups of people, regardless of their gender, age, race, religion, sexual orientation, social, economic or legal status? Do I refuse to take advantage of other people or groups of people?
Do I promote reconciliation and understanding? Am I willing to forgive and accept forgiveness? Do I accept responsibility for my mistakes? Do I express feelings like anger or disappointment in constructive and appropriate ways? Am I holding a grudge or harboring feelings of hate toward anyone?
Am I faithful and supportive to the people with whom I share special relationships? Do I honor and respect my family? Do I give good example and guidance to children? Am I supportive and helpful to my brothers and sisters, in-laws, and other members of my extended family?
Do I take care of my body and avoid activities or substances which endanger my health? Do I express my sexuality in a way that is consistent with my dignity as a human being and a child of God? Do I respect the sexuality of others in a way that is consistent with their dignity as human beings and children of God?
Do I respect authority? Do I confront authority in a responsible way when I think it is wrong?
Do I seek the truth? Do I tell the truth? Am I fair in my judgment and actions? Do I consider and respect other opinions and perspectives? Do I gossip or speak critically of others without giving them an opportunity to explain themselves?
Do I respect the rights and property of others? Do I steal?
Am I jealous of what others do or have? Am I unnecessarily competitive? Am I considerate with co-workers, faculty or other students? Do I share my time, talents, possessions and financial resources in a way which benefits other people, not just myself? Do I use my leadership abilities or my authority for the good of all and in a spirit of justice?
Do I recognize my responsibility for the well-being of the entire human community and the earth on which we life? Do I recognize and advocate for the common good in social, political and economic affairs? Does my lifestyle represent a fair consumption of resources and an active effort to preserve the environment?
Do I support policies and leaders who will work to make our government responsive to the needs and rights of all, especially the poor and disadvantaged? Do I support local, national and international organizations which promote understanding, peace, justice and development?

When you have completed the examination above, review what you have learned by asking yourself these questions:
• What does this say about my relationship to God, to others, and to myself?
• What patterns or habits do I detect in my behavior?
• What bad attitudes or faulty perceptions lie behind my actions?
• In what ways am I growing as a Christian?
• In what ways do I need to grow more?
• What do I want or need to change about my life right now?


(Video) A Guided Examination of Conscience

Pope Francis's Examination of Conscience

This examination of conscience is based on a booklet "Safeguard Your Heart" distributed by Pope Francis after his Angeles address in February, 2015.

About God
• Do I turn to God only in my need?
• Do I attend Mass on Sunday and holy days of obligation?
• Do I begin and end the day with prayer?
• Have I taken the name of God, the Blessed Virgin, or the saints in vain?
• Have I been ashamed to say that I am a Christian?
• What am I doing to grow spiritually? How do I grow spiritually? When?
• Do I resist God’s will?
• Do I insist that he does things my way?

About my neighbor
• Do I know how to forgive, to share, and to help my neighbor?
• Have I slandered, stolen from, or scorned the poor and defenseless?
• Am I envious, hot-tempered, or prejudiced?
• Do I care for the poor and the sick?
• Am I embarrassed by my brother’s body or my sister’s flesh?
• Am I honest and fair with everyone, or do I foster a “throw-away culture”?
• Have I led others to do evil?
• Do I observe the spousal and family morality taught in the Gospel?
• How do I fulfill my responsibility for my children’s education?
• Do I honor and respect my parents?
• Have I rejected a newly conceived life?
• Have I extinguished the gift of life?
• Have I helped others to do that?
• Do I respect the environment?

About myself
• Am I a believer who is somewhat worldly and only somewhat believing?
• Do I over-indulge in eating, drinking, smoking and being entertained?
• Am I overly concerned about my physical well-being and my possessions?
• How I do use my time?
• Am I lazy?
• Do I desire to be served?
• Do I love and safeguard purity in my heart, thoughts and deeds?
• Do I plot vengeance or harbor resentments?
• Am I gentle and humble? A peace-maker?

The following questions were contained in the Vatican document "Misericordiae Vultus," #15:

• Have I given food to the hungry and drink to the thirsty?
• Have I welcomed the stranger and clothed the naked?
• Have I set aside time and had the courage to visit the sick and the imprisoned?
• Have I helped anyone be released from doubts that make them fearful and that are often the source of
• Have I participated in overcoming ignorance by supporting education, especially for the young?
• Have I told those who live in sin about the need for conversion?
• Have I been a neighbor to someone who is lonely and afflicted?
• Have I forgiven those who offend me and resisted every kind of resentment and hate?
• Have I been patient with others based on the example of God who is so patient with us?
• Have I commended my brothers and sisters to prayer?

• • •

Contemporary Examination of Conscience for Adults

Do I find joy In my relationship with God?
Can I be sure in my trust in God?
Can I embrace the joy of the Holy Spirit within me while also carrying the troubles in my life at this moment?
Do I remember to call upon and give thanks and praise to God, who is the source and sustainer of my life?
Do I recognize myself as a Children of God?
Do I have a healthy relationship with myself?
Do I believe I carry the life of Christ within me?
Do I believe that I can birth Christ at each moment, that through my actions and words he can take flesh and be manifest to the people around me?
Do I take good care of myself?
Do I believe that my physical body is good and holy and has been created out of divine love?
Can I let the joy and the awe of this great mystery of our faith shine through me?
Do I listen to God's call in my life?
Do I forgive myself when I make a mistake?
Do I try to learn and grow from my experiences?
Do I follow through on my commitments in joyful fashion or do I resent my responsibilities?
If a relationship comes to an unwanted and painful ending, can I stand in that emptiness of loss, of being left behind, of hitting rock bottom?
Can I find my grounding in God once again, knowing that there is an even deeper love and comfort that will come after this pain?
Do I numb myself with alcohol, drugs, food, gambling, sex, pornography, technology, possessions, shopping?
Do I avoid the "still, small voice" within?
Do I bear witness to the Gospel in my relationships with others?
Do I hide behind social media instead of creating face-to-face relationships?
Have I developed patterns or judging or blaming people or giving criticism that is not meant to be helpful?
Am I hurtful toward others in actions, thoughts or words?
Do I judge or criticize people who are different from me?
In my family, do I communicate my love and care in a sincere and direct way?
Do I allow others in my family circle to grow into the people God created them to be?
Do I celebrate the success of family members without jealousy or envy?
In my own way, do I consciously strive to make peace a reality, to embody peace in the world around me?
Do I use my gifts and talents to work for justice?
Do I help fill the essential needs of others , as Jesus did?
Do I feed the hungry and give water to those who thirst?
Do I clothe the naked? Do I visit the sick and the imprisoned?
Do I help provide shelter for the homeless?
Do I assist and protect those in their last days of life?
Do I support public policies which aid the vulnerable, poor, and marginalized?
Do I care for God's creation?
Do I base my purchases on the principles of basic responsibility to the earth, such as
--the vehicle I drive?
--the products I use?
--the amount of recyclable materials I use?
--the quantity I acquire?
Do I pay attention to the well-being of all with whom I share the earth?
Am I aware of the sustainability needed to keep a harmonic balance in all of nature?
Do I support public policies which encourage and enforce sustainable stewardship of natural resources?
Summary--How Am I Growing?
Take a few minutes today to review the insights you have gained from this examination:
In what way(s) could I grow or change in my relationship to God?
In what way(s) could I grow or change as a child of God?
In what way(s) could I improve how I listen to God's call in my life?
In what way(s) could I improve my relationships with others?
In what way(s) could I improve my care for God's creation?

Adapted from Joyfully We Wait--An Advent Examination of Conscience.

(Video) Examination of Conscience

• • •

Traditional Examination of Conscience for Adults

1. I am the Lord your God. You shall not have strange gods before me.
-Do I give God time every day in prayer?
-Do I seek to love Him with my whole heart?
-Have I been involved with superstitious practices or have I been involved with the occult?
-Do I seek to surrender myself to God´s word as taught by the Church?
-Have I ever received communion in the state of mortal sin?
-Have I ever deliberately told a lie in Confession or have I withheld a mortal sin from the priest in Confession?
-Are there other "gods" in my life? Money, Security, Power, People, etc.?

2. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain.
-Have I used God´s name in vain: lightly or carelessly?
-Have I been angry with God?
-Have I wished evil upon any other person?
-Have I insulted a sacred person or abused a sacred object?

3. Remember to keep holy the Lord´s Day.
-Have I deliberately missed Mass on Sundays or Holy Days of Obligation?
-Have I tried to observe Sunday as a family day and a day of rest?
-Do I do needless work on Sunday?

4. Honor your father and your mother.
-Do I honor and obey my parents?
-Have I neglected my duties to my spouse and children?
-Have I given my family good religious example?
-Do I try to bring peace into my home life?
-Do I care for my aged and infirm relatives?

5. You shall not kill.
-Have I had an abortion or encouraged or helped anyone to have an abortion?
-Have I physically harmed anyone?
-Have I abused alcohol or drugs?
-Did I give scandal to anyone, thereby leading him or her into sin?
-Have I been angry or resentful?
-Have I harbored hatred in my heart?
-Have I mutilated myself through any form of sterilization?
-Have I encouraged or condoned sterilization?
-Have I engaged, in any way, in sins against humanlife such as artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization?
-Have I participated in or approved of euthanasia?

6. You shall not commit adultery.
-Have I been faithful to my marriage vows in thought and action?
-Have I engaged in any sexual activity outside of marriage?
-Have I used any method of contraception or artificial birth control in my marriage?
-Has each sexual act in my marriage been open to the transmission of new life?
-Have I been guilty of masturbation?
-Do I seek to control my thoughts and imaginations?
-Have I respected all members of the opposite sex, or have I thought of other people as mere objects?
-Have I been guilty of any homosexual activity?
-Do I seek to be chaste in my thoughts, words,actions?
-Am I careful to dress modestly?

7. You shall not steal.
-Have I stolen what is not mine?
-Have I returned or made restitution for what I have stolen?
-Do I waste time at work, school, and home?
-Do I gamble excessively, thereby denying my family of their needs?
-Do I pay my debts promptly?
-Do I seek to share what I have with the poor?
-Have I cheated anyone out of what is justly theirs, for example creditors, insurance companies, big corporations?

8. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
-Have I lied? Have I gossiped?
-Do I speak badly of others behind their back?
-Am I sincere in my dealings with others?
-Am I critical, negative or uncharitable in my thoughts of others?
-Do I keep secret what should be kept confidential?
-Have I injured the reputation of others by slanders?

9. You shall not desire your neighbor´s wife.
-Have I consented to impure thoughts?
-Have I caused them by impure reading, movies, television, conversation or curiosity?
-Do I pray at once to banish impure thoughts and temptations?
-Have I behaved in an inappropriate way with members of the opposite sex: flirting, being superficial, etc.?

10. You shall not desire your neighbor´s goods.
-Am I jealous of what other people have?
-Do I envy the families or possessions of others?
-Am I greedy or selfish?
-Are material possessions the purpose of my life?

(Courtesy of The National Catholic Register)

• • •

Examination of Conscience Based on Catholic Social Principles

Life and Dignity of the Human Person
• Do I respect the life and dignity of every human person from conception through natural
• Do I recognize the face of Christ reflected in all others around me whatever their race,
class, age, or abilities?
• Do I work to protect the dignity of others when it is being threatened?
• Am I committed to both protecting human life and to ensuring that every human being is
able to live in dignity?

Call to Family, Community, and Participation
• Do I try to make positive contributions in my family and in my community?
• Are my beliefs, attitudes, and choices such that they strengthen or undermine the
institution of the family?
• Am I aware of problems facing my local community and involved in efforts to find
solutions? Do I stay informed and make my voice heard when needed?
• Do I support the efforts of poor persons to work for change in their neighborhoods and
• Do my attitudes and interactions empower or disempower others?

Rights and Responsibilities
Do I recognize and respect the economic, social, political, and cultural rights of others?
• Do I live in material comfort and excess while remaining insensitive to the needs of
others whose rights are unfulfilled?
• Do I take seriously my responsibility to ensure that the rights of persons in need are
• Do I urge those in power to implement programs and policies that give priority to the
human dignity and rights of all, especially the vulnerable?

Option for the Poor and Vulnerable
• Do I give special attention to the needs of the poor and vulnerable in my community and
in the world?
• Am I disproportionately concerned for my own good at the expense of others?
• Do I engage in service and advocacy work that protects the dignity of poor and
vulnerable persons?

The Dignity of Work and the Rights of Workers
As a worker, do I give my employer a fair day’s work for my wages? As an owner, do I
treat workers fairly?
• Do I treat all workers with whom I interact with respect, no matter their position or class?
• Do I support the rights of all workers to adequate wages, health insurance, vacation and
sick leave? Do I affirm their right to form or join unions or worker associations?
• Do my purchasing choices take into account the hands involved in the production of what
I buy? When possible, do I buy products produced by workers whose rights and dignity
were respected?

• Does the way I spend my time reflect a genuine concern for others?
• Is solidarity incorporated into my prayer and spirituality? Do I lift up vulnerable people
throughout the world in my prayer, or is it reserved for only my personal concerns?
• Am I attentive only to my local neighbors or also those across the globe?
• Do I see all members of the human family as my brothers and sisters?

Care for God’s Creation
• Do I live out my responsibility to care for God’s creation?
• Do I see my care for creation as connected to my concern for poor persons, who are
most at risk from environmental problems?
• Do I litter? Live wastefully? Use energy too freely? Are there ways I could reduce
consumption in my life?
• Are there ways I could change my daily practices and those of my family, school,
workplace, or community to better conserve the earth’s resources for future generations?

(Courtesy of the United States Catholic Conference of Bishops)
• • •

Examination of Conscience Based on the Works of Mercy

1. Do I believe that our God is “a merciful and gracious God, slow to anger, and
abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness”?
2. Do I believe that “Jesus Christ is the face of the Father’s mercy”?
3. Do I believe that mercy “is a wellspring of joy, serenity and peace”?
4. Do I believe that “our salvation depends on mercy”?
5. Do I believe that mercy “is not opposed to justice” but “expresses God’s way of
reaching out to the sinner, offering him a new chance to look at himself, convert, and
6. Do I show mercy to the guilty and innocent alike? Do I advocate for mercy to the guilty and innocent
7. Do I show mercy to those who are hungry or thirsty? Do I advocate for mercy to those who are hungry
or thirsty?
8. Do I show mercy to those who are in need of appropriate clothing and adequate shelter? Do I advocate
for those who are in need of appropriate clothing and adequate shelter?
9. Do I show mercy to those who are in prison, to the families of those in prison, and to ex-
10. Do I show mercy to those who are sick, infirm or alone? Do I advocate for those who are sick, infirm,
and alone?
11. Do I show mercy to those who are dying, those who have died, and to their families?

12. Do I show mercy by supporting public policies which address the needs of the poor, the homeless,
the elderly, those without adequate employment, health care or legal representation, and those who
are maginalized or harmed by social, political and economic convention?
13. Do I show mercy by giving encouragement and support to sinners?
14. Do I show mercy by instructing the uninformed and counseling the doubtful?
15. Do I show mercy by comforting those who are sorrowful and discouraged?
16. Do I show mercy by supporting faith communities and organizations which serve the
spiritual needs of God’s people?
17. Do I show mercy by being patient with those in error and forgiving those who have
offended or harmed me?
18. Do I show mercy by recognizing my own weaknesses, accepting my imperfections and prejudices,
and by asking forgiveness from those I have offended or harmed?

(Video) Examination of Conscience

(Written by Dave Cushing)
• • •

Examination of Conscience Based on the Ignatian Examen

"How do things stand between me and God? Where am I coming from, and where is my life in Christ growing?" I can answer such questions satisfactorily only if I take the time to reflect. Here is a way of examining this deep and dynamic personal relationship. This examination can be used on a regular basis, as part of a daily examen, or in preparation for celebrating the Sacrament of Reconciliation. The emphasis of the Examen is not so much on "What am I doing wrong?" but on "How am I growing in my relationship to the God who loves and cherishes me?" It tries to identify the underlying attitudes, fears, anxieties which prevent us from living more fully in faith, hope and love.

Think about the good things that have come into your life. Review the details of your daily life during the period under review. Recall the people, events or circumstances for which you are grateful. Notice any harmful or sinful actions, attitudes, emotions or desires for which you are not grateful. Ask for the ability to see clearly and in hope how you are growing more fully alive to God in and through these blessings.
Think about what your actions, omissions, attitudes, thoughts and desires tell you about your
relationship with God, yourself, and others.
> Sometimes, a single event or several events stand out dramatically. Ask yourself what this action means.What are its origins? What were the circumstances under which it occurred? Does it embody the
love of God, or does it reflect fear and distrust?
> At other times, no single event stands out, but you might find a pattern emerging -- a series of events, all of which seem to stem from a common cause or lead to a common result. Ask yourself what this
pattern means about your trust in God and love of God.
> At still other times, the "climate" of one's life -- our overall attitude or mind-set -- might be the important thing that emerges from your examen. This attitude might range from gratitude and joy to anxiety and despair. Notice if this attitude is growing or receding. What are the circumstances which contribute to this attitude? What are its root causes? Ask what this mind-set shows about you and your relationship with God.
Take what you have learned to the Sacrament of Reconciliation or to a conversation with your spiritual director. Bring to God the larger needs that you feel right now: an old resentment that you seem unable to shake; an inveterate habit that you badly want to get rid of; a kind of mindless living through the day without thanking and praising the Creator. Pray that God will help you hear and accept what God is trying to tell you. Listen to what the priest or director says.Let God surprise you with insight and console you with faith and hope.
Finally, determine to be more grateful, more trusting, more confident in God's love and your ability to live in God's grace. Resolve to reshape mind-sets that stand between you and God. Resolve to change an attitude, shake off a fear, or grow in some other special way. Offer this larger movement in your life to God. Resolve to accept any other change or challenge that would come, were God to give you the larger gift you ask for. God is the master of our lives and ourselves; place your trust there and not in yourself.

(Adapted from Joseph Tetlow, SJ. in "Choosing Christ in the World.")

• • •

Examination of Conscience for Seniors

Have I practiced the virtue of Charity? For example:
• Have I been a “busybody,” unkind to a neighbor either by my thoughts or by my actions?
• Have I had a smile for a family member or loved one, or was I critical, hurting someone’s feelings? Have I practiced the virtue of Temperance? For example:
• Have I indulged my love of sweets or snack foods, to the detriment of my health?
• Have I continued to smoke heavily, or to consume alcoholic beverages excessively?
• Have I been immoderate in any activity, such as watching too much TV?
Have I practiced the virtue of Diligence? For example:
• Have I used my physical limitations as an excuse for laziness?
• Have I neglected prayer, ignored my friend’s birthday, sat around the house when I might have helped with
the dishes?
• Have I exercised my responsibility to become familiar with the issues, and to vote (by absentee ballot, if
necessary) for the candidates who will best protect the values I hold dear?
Have I practiced the virtue of Patience? For example:
• Was I unkind (or downright rude) to a telephone caller, impatient with a visitor, crabby when things didn’t
go just the way I wanted?
• Did I complain if someone took me to a restaurant or public place, because we had to wait for service?
• Did I criticize my doctor, my caretaker, my child, for not serving me better?
Have I practiced the virtue of Kindness? For example:
• Was I jealous of the attention paid to someone else, wanting everyone to notice me instead?
• Did I feel angry because someone else had more money, or better health, or because my grown children
did not have enough time to spend with me?
• Did I compliment someone who looked good, or did I only have harsh words to say?
Have I practiced the virtue of Humility? For example:
• Did I accept a compliment graciously but then move on, refusing to keep the attention turned toward
• Was I willing to let someone else be the center of attention?
• Did I feel grateful for the kindness of my family and others, and appreciative of my caregiver’s efforts?
Did I believe that I had no need of confession, because I never even leave the house?
Have I practiced the virtue of Chastity? For example:
• Have I permitted myself to watch movies or daytime television shows which are not edifying, which
depict sexual scenarios or which advocate for cohabitation or homosexual relationships?

(Written by Kathy Schiffer. Courtesy of the Patheos Blog)
• • •

Examination of Conscience Based on the Beatitudes

Step 1: Call to mind the Beatitudes, or read them here.

Step 2: Ask the Holy Spirit to guide your memory over the past few months.

Step 3: Call to mind the people you encountered who were poor, or mourning, or meek, who thirst for righteousness, who were merciful and clean of heart, who sought peace, who were persecuted, devalued or marginalized.
> How did you respond to these people (individuals or groups)?
> Were you afraid, or dismissive, or judgmental?
> Did you recognize them and treat them as "blessed"?

Step 4: Call to mind when you were poor in spirit, or mourning, or meek, etc.
> Did you embrace these circumstances?
> Did you fear or resent them?
> Did you recognize and respond to these circumstances as blessings?

Step 5: Ask forgiveness for any time you resented or resisted the times of poverty or mourning or other beatitude experiences in others or yourself.
> Remember that God already knows where you are weak or unpracticed and that everything you do is
met, first of all, with God’s great mercy.

Step 6: Identify one or two beatitude experiences or qualities that you desire to nurture in your attitudes and behavior during the next few weeks. Ask for help in being open and ready to learn and grow.
> Remember that you live one moment at a time and that God gives you opportunities one moment, one
decision, one action, at a time. No one lives out all the Beatitudes at one time. For instance, your
beatitude experience might be mourning. Mourning can be all-consuming, and that might be your
beatitude for weeks, months, a year, or longer. Allow your life to be what it is. Ask God to help you
recognize the beatitude to which you are called right now, and don’t concern yourself further.

{Based on an original created by Vanita Hampton Wright and published by the Ignatian Spirituality blog)

(Video) Preparing Our Hearts: A Guided Examination of Conscience for Holy Confession by Fr. Paul Scalia

• • •

Related Links:
> Illustrated Guide to Examining Your Conscience

> Brief Examination of Conscience
> Examination of Conscience Based on St. Benedict's Holy Rule
> Examination of Conscience for Married Persons
> Examination of Conscience for Single Persons
> Examination of Conscience for Young Adults
> Examinations of Conscience for Children
> Examination of Conscience for Advent
> Video Reflection: Consciousness Exam

(Video) Making a Good Confession

[Last Update: 06.29.22]


What are the 5 Steps to an examination of conscience? ›

5 Steps for a Good Confession
  • Examine your conscience – recall the sins that you have committed since your last good confession.
  • Be sincerely sorry for your sins. ...
  • Confess your sins to the priest.
  • Make certain that you confess all your mortal sins – number/kind.
  • After confession, do the penance assigned.

What is an examination of conscience Why is it important? ›

We use an examination of conscience to help call to mind our sins and failings during a period of quiet reflection before approaching the Priest in Confession. It's important for a good Catholic examination of conscience to be thorough.

What is our basis for examination of conscience? ›

The basic requirement for a good confession is to have the intention of returning to God with your whole heart, like the prodigal son (in Luke 15), and to acknowledge your sins with true sorrow before the priest, who is there to remind you of Christ.

How do you pray the examination of conscience? ›

Come, Holy Spirt, enlighten my mind that I may clearly see all my sins. Let me not be deceived by self-love, but show me the true state of my conscience. Move my will to sincere sorrow; help me to make a good confession. Holy Mother of God, intercede for me that I may obtain the pardon of my sins.

What are the 4 types of conscience? ›

Er. Venkatesh K. Havanur
  • Correct conscience.
  • Erroneous conscience.
  • Certain conscience.
  • Doubtful conscience.
  • Lax conscience.
  • Scrupulous conscience.
  • Delicate conscience.
9 Dec 2020

What are the 3 elements of conscience? ›

Three functions of conscience are (1) feelings of what we ought to do, (2) feelings of self-approval when we do it, and (3) feelings of remorse when we don't.

What is the main purpose of examination? ›

An examination (exam or evaluation) or test is an educational assessment intended to measure a test-taker's knowledge, skill, aptitude, physical fitness, or classification in many other topics (e.g., beliefs).

What counts as a mortal sin? ›

A mortal sin is defined as a grave action that is committed in full knowledge of its gravity and with the full consent of the sinner's will. Such a sin cuts the sinner off from God's sanctifying grace until it is repented, usually in confession with a priest.

How do you confess your sins? ›

Confession begins with the (1) Sign of the Cross and the penitent greeting the priest with the words, (2) “Bless me, Father, for I have sinned. My last confession was ….” (weeks, months, years). The penitent (3) confesses sins to the priest, who stands in the name of Christ and the Church.

What are the 3 requirements of Confession? ›

Requirements of a Confession
  • It must be voluntary. ...
  • The confession must be made by the party to be affected by it. ...
  • The confession must be to another person.

What are the two main aspects of conscience? ›

Conscience is defined as having two interrelated parts: (1) a commitment to morality itself; to acting and choosing morally according to the best of one's ability, and (2) the activity of judging that an act one has done or about which one is deliberating would violate that commitment.

What are questions of conscience? ›

Four Questions of Conscience
  • You run ahead? Are you doing it as a shepherd? Or as an exception? ...
  • Are you genuine? Or merely an actor? A representative? ...
  • Are you one who looks on? Or one who lends a hand? Or one who looks away and walks off? ...
  • Do you want to walk along? Or walk ahead? Or walk by yourself?
15 Aug 2015

What are sins I should confess? ›

He has listened to confessions of lying, cheating, gossiping, violence, pornography use, fornication, homosexual behavior, abortion, sterilization, IVF use, etc. He has heard it all. Don't be afraid to bring darkness into the light so the priest can exercise his power and remit these sins from your life.

What words do you say at confession? ›

This prayer is short and simple: My God, I am sorry for my sins with all my heart. In choosing to do wrong and failing to do good, I have sinned against You whom I should love above all things. I firmly intend, with Your help, to do penance, to sin no more, and to avoid whatever leads me to sin.

What prayer should I say before taking a test? ›

Prayer for Successful Testing and Exams

Lord Jesus, You know that I am very anxious about the tests and exams that I have to face very soon, and ask that You would calm my anxious, clouded thoughts. Please calm these nerves that I have, and let me rest in You always.

What are the main types of conscience? ›

Conscience can be broken down into two categories: Good Conscience. Guilty Conscience.

What are examples of conscience? ›

For example, if a child feels uncomfortable watching his friend speak disrespectfully to her mother—that is conscience. The child knows that it is not OK to talk that way to a parent, and he feels the emotions within himself that are telling him it's not right.

What are the principles of conscience? ›

The three principles of conscience are identity ('conscientious identity'), morality and communicativeness.

How many stages of conscience are there? ›

Sigmund Freud divided human consciousness into three levels of awareness: the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious. Each of these levels corresponds to and overlaps with Freud's ideas of the id, ego, and superego.

What are the characteristics of conscience? ›

On any of these accounts, conscience is defined by its inward looking and subjective character, in the following sense: conscience is always knowledge of ourselves, or awareness of moral principles we have committed to, or assessment of ourselves, or motivation to act that comes from within us (as opposed to external ...

What is the root of conscience? ›

From Old French conscience, borrowed from Latin conscientia (“knowledge within oneself”), from consciens, present participle of conscire (“to know, to be conscious (of wrong)”), from com- (“together”) + scire (“to know”).

What are the types of examination? ›

This tips sheet contains a brief description of seven types of examination questions, as well as tips for using each of them: 1) multiple choice, 2) true/false, 3) matching, 4) short answer, 5) essay, 6) oral, and 7) computational.

What are the advantages of having examinations? ›

This enables them to have the right foundations to be able to do well in university or college and eventually in their future careers. Examinations play a distinct role in helping teachers assess the learning of their students and also provide a form of differentiation of the individual student's ability.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of examination? ›

Comparison Table for Advantages and Disadvantages of Exams
Advantages of ExamsDisadvantages of Exams
Exams assist the individuals in broadening knowledgeAnxiety and stress
Create competitionNot the right way of testing the knowledge of someone
Scholarships and a bright futureComparison between students
1 more row
12 Jan 2022

What sins Cannot be forgiven in confession? ›

The unpardonable sin is blasphemy against the Holy Spirit. Blasphemy includes ridicule and attributing the works of the Holy Spirit to the devil.

Is it a mortal sin not to go to Church on Sunday? ›

Our Sunday Mass obligation is based on the Third Commandment: “Remember the sabbath day — keep it holy” (Ex 20:8). All of the commandments of God are serious matter, so to deliberately miss Mass on Sunday — without a just reason — would objectively be considered a mortal sin.

Is fornication a mortal sin? ›

' and, of course, [who but he can remit] mortal sins, such as have been committed against himself and against his temple? In AD 385, Pacian of Barcelona, in his Sermon Exhorting to Penance, gives contempt of God, murder, and fornication as examples of "mortal" or "capital sins."

Can I confess without a priest? ›

' Ask His forgiveness with all your heart with an act of contrition, and promise Him, 'Afterward I will go to confession. ' You will return to God's grace immediately. You yourself can draw near, as the catechism teaches us, to God's forgiveness, without having a priest at hand.

How many times does God forgive you? ›

That's how many times the Bible tells us we should forgive someone. Matthew 18: 21-22 21 Then Peter came to Jesus and asked, “Lord, how many times shall I forgive my brother or sister who sins against me? Up to seven times?” 22 Jesus answered, “I tell you, not seven times, but seventy-seven times.

Can you confess by praying? ›

A prayer of confession is a way for us to acknowledge and repent from our sins. Through prayers of confession, we come clean with God about our mistakes and need for God's grace, preparing our hearts to be cleansed by Christ's sacrifice and transformed by the Holy Spirit.

What are the 4 types of false confessions? ›

The Different Types of False Confession
  • Voluntary False Confessions. Kassin and Wrightsman33 initially defined a voluntary false confession as one that is offered in the absence of police interrogation. ...
  • Compliant False Confessions. ...
  • Persuaded False Confessions.

What are three mortal sin requirements? ›

For a sin to be mortal, three conditions must exist at the same time.
  • It must be of a grave matter;
  • It must be committed with full knowledge that it is a mortal sin;
  • It must be committed with full consent. [ Full consent means to do it "voluntarily."] ( C.C.C. # 1857)

What makes a confession inadmissible? ›


What are the 4 functions of conscience? ›

According to C.G. Jung consciousness is comprised of four aspects -thinking, feeling, sensing and intuiting.

What are the 7 types of conscience? ›

Terms in this set (7)
  • correct conscience. tells us when something is a good choice or a bad choice and that this decision is in agreement with what that thing. ...
  • erroneous conscience. ...
  • certain conscience. ...
  • doubtful conscience. ...
  • lax conscience. ...
  • scrupulous sin. ...
  • delicate conscience.

What is the purpose of consciousness? ›

Consciousness, via volitional action, increases the likelihood that an organism will direct its attention, and ultimately its movements, to whatever is most important for its survival and reproduction.

Why is it called conscience? ›

The word "conscience" derives etymologically from the Latin conscientia, meaning "privity of knowledge" or "with-knowledge". The English word implies internal awareness of a moral standard in the mind concerning the quality of one's motives, as well as a consciousness of our own actions.

What are the 5 biggest sins? ›

Historical and modern definitions, views, and associations
  • Lust.
  • Gluttony.
  • Greed.
  • Sloth.
  • Wrath.
  • Envy.
  • Pride.

Can I confess my sins directly to God? ›

You can confess your sins directly to God. You do not need to confess to a pastor, priest, or spiritual leader to be forgiven.

What happens if you forget to confess a mortal sin? ›

Yes. If one through bad memory or nervousness forgets to confess a mortal sin, the person's confession is valid and all his or her sins will be forgiven. The person should, however, mention that forgotten sin in the next confession to receive advice and a proper penance.

Can priests tell what is said in confession? ›

Under Roman Catholic law, it is forbidden for a priest to disclose information — under any circumstances — obtained in the form of religious confession. If a priest breaks what's called "the sacred seal of confession," he will be subject to excommunication from the church.

What is the prayer said before confession? ›

Prayer Before Confession

Come Holy Spirit, into my soul. Enlighten my mind that I may know the sins I ought to confess, and grant me your grace to confess them fully, humbly, and with a contrite heart. Help me to firmly resolve not to commit them again.

Do you say the act of contrition during confession? ›

The Act of Contrition is an integral part of the Sacrament of Penance. It is also recited at the end of confession, before receiving absolution by a priest. There are also: Prayers recited before confession to help acknowledge and reflect on our sins.

What should you do 5 minutes before a test? ›

Make a list of important details. Depending on the subject, make a quick list of important dates, characters, plot points, or formulae. Anything that you can take from memory will be a helpful review in five minutes.

Why does God give us a test? ›

Being tested is a natural part of being human. So it is no surprise that being tested is also a biblical design pattern. Characters in the Bible experience tests throughout the entire story to see if they can live up to God's intended purpose for humanity.

How do Christians prepare for exams? ›

Don't Stress the Test!
  1. Plan, don't cram! Look at your exam schedule, verify the dates and times, and start prioritizing. ...
  2. Put away distractions. ...
  3. Set up a study group. ...
  4. Look over old work. ...
  5. Talk it out. ...
  6. Write it down. ...
  7. Take care of yourself. ...
  8. Pray.

What are the 6 steps on discernment process? ›

Six Easy Steps to Discernment
  1. Step #1: Pray for Guidance. The discernment process involves listening for God's direction and guidance for our lives. ...
  2. Step #2: List Your Options. ...
  3. Step #3: Ask Questions. ...
  4. Step #4: Next Action Steps. ...
  5. Step #5: Choose & Trust. ...
  6. Step #6: Just Do It…And Learn.
15 Oct 2016

What are the stages of examination? ›

The stages of examination usually take place in the following order: direct examination, cross-examination, redirect examination, recross-examination, and examination by the court.

What are the 4 parts of a good confession? ›

The four major parts of the sacrament of Reconciliation are: 1) contrition, 2) confession, 3) penance, 4) absolution.

How do you receive the gift of discernment? ›

1 Pray regularly; seek for companionship of Holy Ghost. 2 Study the scriptures, apply them in your life; seek gospel understanding. 3 Act on promptings; exercise gift in all areas of your life. 4 Be obedient; live gospel on daily basis so you are familiar with "still, small voice."

What are the 7 steps to be followed in discernment? ›

Seven steps to vocational discernment
  1. Prayer. What shall I do, Lord? (Acts 22:10). ...
  2. Understanding. But then it becomes like fire burning in my heart, imprisoned in my bones; I grow weary holding it in, I cannot endure it. ...
  3. Information. ...
  4. Reflection. ...
  5. Decision. ...
  6. Action. ...
  7. Spiritual direction.

How do I sharpen my spiritual discernment? ›

5 Helpful Tips for Making A Good Discernment
  1. Give yourself time to make a good discernment. Think of your discernment as a journey in which you will grow personally and closer to God. ...
  2. Use the resources you have to learn more. ...
  3. Pay attention to what's going on in your heart.
26 Mar 2018

What are the 3 types of examination? ›

This tips sheet contains a brief description of seven types of examination questions, as well as tips for using each of them: 1) multiple choice, 2) true/false, 3) matching, 4) short answer, 5) essay, 6) oral, and 7) computational.

What are the elements of examination? ›

There are four major elements to any physical exam maneuver:
  • Inspection.
  • Palpation.
  • Percussion.
  • Auscultation.

How many types of examination are there? ›

Generally there are three types of examination, first is the general examination conducted by various board across the country for the secondary and higher secondary levels. Second are the entrance exams which are conducted for securing admission in particular college or university.

What are the 4 mortal sins? ›

They are pride, avarice, envy, wrath, lust, gluttony, and sloth (acedia). Note from the author: For those of you who do not understand why these particular sins are of grave matter, I would suggest that you refer to the Summa Theologiae of St.

Can I confess my sins to God instead of a priest? ›

You can confess your sins directly to God. You do not need to confess to a pastor, priest, or spiritual leader to be forgiven.

What are the 3 requirements of confession? ›

Requirements of a Confession
  • It must be voluntary. ...
  • The confession must be made by the party to be affected by it. ...
  • The confession must be to another person.

What is the highest form of consciousness? ›

lucid dreaming; out-of-body experience; near-death experience; mystical experience (sometimes regarded as the highest of all higher states of consciousness)


1. An Examination of Conscience | How to Make a Good Confession
(Catholic Crusade Ministries)
2. Examination of Conscience from the Beattitudes
(St. Joseph Catholic Church)
3. Father Larry Richards Examination of Conscience before Reconciliation
(Catholic Brothers For Christ)
4. Examination of Conscience, by Most Rev. Donald J. Sanborn
(Roman Catholic Media)
5. Examination of Conscience.
6. Examine your Conscience based on The Seven Deadly Sins | How to?
(99 Catholics)

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